Showing posts from March, 2012

World Tuberculosis Day 2012 - 'Stopping TB in My Lifetime'

Tuberculosis,MTB, orTB(short fortuberclebacillus) is a common, and in many cases lethal,infectious diseasecaused by various strains of mycobacteria, usuallyMycobacterium tuberculosis.Tuberculosis usually attacks thelungsbut can also affect other parts of the body. It is spread through the air when people who have an active MTB infection cough, sneeze, or otherwise transmit their saliva through the air.Most infections in humans result in anasymptomatic, latent infection, and about one in ten latent infections eventually progress to active disease, which, if left untreated, kills more than 50% of those infected. World Tuberculosis Day, falling on March 24 each year, is designed to build public awareness about the globalepidemicoftuberculosisand efforts to eliminate the disease. Today tuberculosis causes the deaths of about 1.7 million people each year, mostly in theThird World.

7 Dangerous acts after a meal

1. Don’t smoke---- Experiments from experts proves that smoking a cigarette after meal is comparable to smoking 10 cigarettes (chances of cancer is higher) 2. Don’t eat fruits immediately --- Immediately eating fruits after meals will cause stomach to be bloated with air. There fore take fruits 1 -2 hours after meal or 1 hour before meal.
3. Don’t drink tea------ Because tea leaves contain a high content of acid. This substance will cause the protein content in the food we consume to be hundred thus difficult to digest.
4.Don’t loosen your belt---------- Loosening the belt after meal will easily cause the intestine to be twisted and blocked.

5.Don’t bathe----------------- Bathing after meal will cause the increase of blood flow to the hands, legs and body thus the amount of blood around the stomach will therefore decrease, this will weaken the digestive system in our stomach.
6. Don’t walk about------------- People always say that after a meal walk a hundred steps and you will live till 99…

Prisons, Prisoners and HIV/AIDS

In prisons across the world, theHIVandAIDSepidemic presents a major challenge.HIV prevalencewithin prisons is often far higher than in the general community, and prisons are a high-risk environment for HIV transmission. However, when it comes to tackling the epidemic, prisoners are often neglected and overlooked. Prevention programmes that have been shown to reduce HIV transmission are rarely available for inmates, and many prisoners with HIV are unable to access life-saving antiretroviral treatment. In many parts of the world prison conditions are far from satisfactory and HIV positive inmates barely receive the most basic healthcare and food. When it comes to HIV testing, some prison authorities enforce mandatory testing, which is often seen as a breach of human rights. These issues are not confined to male prisoners; due to the high proportion of injecting drug users within prisons, female inmates have also been severely affected by HIV and AIDS. Why is there a higher prevalence in pr…

New WHO guidelines call for an integrated approach to TB and HIV programming

5th Mar 2012 The World Health Organisation has released a set of new policy guidelines to help governments and civil society scale-up combination programmes fortuberculosis (TB)andHIV.  The move will facilitate a more effective public health approach in diagnosis, treatment and care of TB, thus reducing TB-related mortality ofpeople living with HIV.   The importance of TB to theglobal HIV epidemicis enormous. TB is a serious health problem in its own right but it is also the leading cause of death for HIV positive people, because their immune system is often too weak to fight off infection.  An estimated one-third of the people living with HIV around the world are also co-infected with TB.  WHO acknowledged that increased collaboration between HIV and TB programmes was necessary, and in 2004 released an interim policy paper to offer immediate guidance for countries to decrease the burden of TB and HIV.  In the six years since the paper’s release, an estimated 910,000 lives have been save…

Bachelor in Public Health (BPH)

At first what is Public Health: ''The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort for the sanitation of the environment, the control of communicable infections, the education of the individual in personal hygiene, the organization of medical and nursing services for early diagnosis and preventative treatment of disease and the development of social machinery to ensure for every individual a standard of living adequate for maintainance of health, so organizing these benefits as to enable every citizen to realize his birth right of health and longivity”  (CEA Winslow, 1920).

Public health approaches envisions improving the lifestyles of people. Therefore it is known as an important discipline of science. Public health has been growing up with different modest and application approaches that can contribute in insuring the health of people. The major school of thought of public health sci…

PowerPoint Presentation Protection

How to protect your PowerPoint presentation by password [with read only option]  Following points are necessary to protect your presentation to prevent copy and paste of your contents. Step 1: Click in ‘’OFFICE BUTTON’’ in top of left hand side. Step 2:  Click ‘’SAVE AS’’ Step 3:  Go to ‘’TOOLS’’ You can write your name or identity as ‘’author’’ of presentation and ‘’tags’’ also. Step 4:  Go to GENERAL OPTIONS. Step 4:  Leave blank. Don’t put any password in ‘’open file encryption setting for the document’’ Step 5:  Keeps password in file sharing setting for the document? ‘’PASSWORD TO MODIFY ‘’ Step 5: Click ‘OK’ Step 6: Choose location for your presentation for save.

Leprosy and Nepal

Leprosy, a chronic infectious disease, still remains a threat in 14 districts even two years after the government declared that the disease is eliminated from the country. The government had declared the elimination of leprosy on 19 January 2010 following the decline of the cases to 0.89 per 10,000 populations. The World Health Organization (WHO) considers a disease is eliminated in a country once the number of cases drops to less than one instance per 10,000 people. At the end of the fiscal year 2010/11, the prevalence of the disease is 0.79. But, according to a government data, the disease is still found in 1 percent or more per 10,000 people in Jhapa, Morang, Sunsari, Dhanusa, Sarlahi, Rautahat, Mahottari, Bara, Parsa, Chitwan, Rupandehi, Banke, Bardiya and Kailali districts. Also, there are around 2,210 persons under medication of the leprosy at present. “Now we are on the verge of eradicating the disease,” said Chudamani Lamichhane, director at the Leprosy Cont…