Showing posts from November, 2014

World AIDS day 2014:Getting to Zero

World AIDS Day is observed on 1 December every year. The major objective of this global campaign is to raise the awareness about HIV/AIDS. the theme for WORLD AIDS DAY in year 2011 to 2015 designed to focus on achieve the target of MDGS through universal access to Prevention,care, support and treatment.
Getting to Zero:
ZERO NEW HIV INFECTIONS ZERO DISCRIMINATION ZERO AIDS-RELATED DEATHS. In this year WHO announce for Closing the gap in HIV prevention and treatment which will help to Ending the epidemic of AIDS globally.

International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women and Girls(1st day in Pokhara)

The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, an annual event to raise awareness and accelerate progress towards ending the global scourge of violence against women and girls. Estimates suggest that One in three women globally have experienced either physical or sexual violence from a partner, or sexual violence by a non-partner at some point in their lives, and that levels of violence against women and girls remain extremely high.(WHO). 16 days of activism follow this event, started in 25th Nov and ending on 10 December, Human Rights Day. Various programs were designed to conduct for the elimination of violence against women and girls in Pokhara Some photos were collected here to spread the activities conducted in Pokhara in first day. ''GHAR SHANTI NAI BISHWO SHANTI KO ADHAR'' ''MAHILA HINSA BIRUDDA SUNYA SAHANSILATA KAYAM GARAU''


A Term paper submitted to fulfill the partial requirement of BPH Sixth Semester.

The International Labor Organization (ILO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) have shared a common definition of occupational health. This definition was adopted by the Joint ILO/WHO Committee on Occupational Health at its first session in 1950 and revised at its twelfth session in 1995. The definition reads: "Occupational health should aim at: the promotion and maintenance of the highest degree of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention amongst workers of departures from health caused by their working conditions; the protection of workers in their employment from risks resulting from factors adverse to health; the placing and maintenance of the worker in an occupational environment adapted to his physiological and psychological capabilities; and, to summarize, the adaptation of work to man and of each man to his job.

Policy related to occupational heal…

National Nutrition Policy, Nepal-2004

Class Presentation about National Nutrition Policy-2004

Adequate nutrition is a fundamental right of every human being. • Improving the nutritional status of people is one of the prime duties of the government and is an essential factor in improving their health status and the quality of life. In order to reduce/control nutritional problems, the GON needs to take various measures based on the following important principles: • HUMAN RIGHTS: accesses to nutritionally adequate and safe food and services for nutrition education are the rights of each individual.

National nutrition policy, Nepal from SAgun PAudel

General Introduction to Health research (Basic)

This is a simple and general presentation about the health research which is prepared to present within staffs of Naulo Ghumti Nepal especially for EIHS staffs, objective if this presentation is to orient staffs about research.

The word research was originated from ‘recherche’ which means to travel through or survey. RE+SEARCH= Search after search and search Careful search or inquiry into any subject matter.To investigate thoroughly. Research is the process of finding solution to a problem after a through study and analysis of the situational factors.Research as a movement, a movement from unknown to known.Systematic effort to gain of knowledge. Research is systematic collection, analysis and interpretation of data to answer a certain question or solve a problem. Research need to conducted in a systematic fashion,Logical ,Orderly process.

General Introduction to Health research (Basic) from SAgun PAudel

Orientation about HIV, AIDS and STIs

A Presentation Presented To orient about HIV, AIDS and STIs for Development of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice for Prevention of HIV and STIs for College Students. 

AIDS is the most severe form of HIV infection. HIV infection is considered to be AIDS when at least one serious complicating illness develops or the number (count) of CD4+ lymphocytes decreases substantially. CD4 Count: The number of CD4+ lymphocytes in blood (the CD4 count) helps determine how well the immune system can protect the body from infections and how severe the damage done by the HIV is. Healthy people have a CD4 count of about 800 to 1,300 cells per microliter of blood.

Orientation about HIV, AIDS and STIs from SAgun PAudel

WHO: An outbreak of plague in Madagascar

Plague is a bacterial disease caused by Yersinia pestis, which primarily affects wild rodents. It is spread from one rodent to another by fleas. Humans bitten by an infected flea usually develop a bubonic form of plague, which produces the characteristic plague bubo (a swelling of the lymph node).

If the bacteria reach the lungs, the patient develops pneumonia (pneumonic plague), which is then transmissible from person to person through infected droplets spread by coughing. If diagnosed early, bubonic plague can be successfully treated with antibiotics. Pneumonic plague, on the other hand, is one of the most deadly infectious diseases; patients can die 24 hours after infection.The mortality rate depends on how soon treatment is started, but is always very high.
WHO does not recommend any travel or trade restriction based on the current information available. In urban areas, such as Antananarivo, the surveillance of epidemic risk indicators is highly recommended for the implementation of…

Call for Applications: 2015 Study of the U.S. Institutes for Students

The U.S. Embassy in Nepal is pleased to announce a call for applications for the Study of the U.S. Institutes for Students (SUSI). Please note that this program is only open to current undergraduate students.

The Study of the U.S. Institute for Student Leaders in New Media in Journalism is an intensive short term academic program. Its purpose is to provide groups of undergraduate student leaders with a deeper understanding of the United States, while simultaneously enhancing their leadership skills. The five-week SUSI Program will consist of a balanced series of seminar discussions, readings, group presentations, and lectures. The coursework and classroom activities will be completed by educational travel, site visits, leadership activities, and volunteer opportunities within the local community. The Institutes will include an academic residency component of approximately four weeks and a domestic study tour of approximately one week. During the academic residency, participants will …

Youth Seminar 2015 Post-2015 Development agenda: Jaipur

How can youth become champions of action and lead the implementation of the post-2015 development agenda? 

The WFUNA Youth Seminar aims to create ownership and discuss the involvement of youth in the post-2015 development agenda process. 
Date: January 11-15, 2015 Venue: Step by Step International School - Jaipur, India Who Should Apply: UNA/UNYA youth leaders ages 18 to 26 Participation Fee (includes food and accommodation during seminar):  USD 100 for international participants USD 50 for Indian participants Deadline for applications: Thursday, December 11, 2014 WFUNA will select 12 international youth leaders and 12 Indian youth leaders endorsed by their respective UNAs. 
During the Seminar: Participants will learn about the ongoing discussions around the post-2015 development agendaParticipants will learn how to design and implement a projectParticipants will learn how to design and implement an awareness raising campaignParticipants will learn how to better fund raise for their respective p…

Event: First National Summit of Health and Population Scientists in Nepal

"Health and Population Research for Informed Decision Making: Where we are?"
Held on:11-12 April 2015 (28-29 Chaitra 2071) in Kathmandu, Nepal.  Invite to: scientists, researchers, policy makers, scholars and practitioners from Nepal.  Organized by: the Nepal Health Research Council (NHRC) on the auspicious occasion of NHRC’s 24th Anniversary.
Why NHPS Summit 2015? The National Health Policy of Nepal 2014 aims to encourage health and population scientists and practitioners to conduct and promote research on various aspects of health for informed decision making. Therefore, this First National Summit aims to bring health and population scientists together to promote evidence informed decision making for betterment of health of Nepalese people. Moreover, there will be in-depth discussion on current and emerging topics of the health and population sciences that will support to strengthen national health system of Nepal and thus the informed decision making. Who can participate?

This N…

World Diabetes Day 2014 : ''Diabetes and Healthy Life''

World Diabetes Day 2014 will promote healthy breakfast activity under its theme Go Blue for Breakfast. The 2014 edition aims to highlight the importance of eating healthy to help prevent type 2 diabetes and avoid the serious complications of diabetes. The initiative promotes the benefits of starting the day with a healthy breakfast, which can help individuals manage their weight and, for people living with diabetes, keep blood glucose levels stable.

World Diabetes Day (WDD) is celebrated every year on November 14. The World Diabetes Day campaign is led by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and its member associations. It engages millions of people worldwide in diabetes advocacy and awareness. World Diabetes Day was created in 1991 by the International Diabetes Federation and the World Health Organization in response to growing concerns about the escalating health threat that diabetes now poses. World Diabetes Day became an official United Nations Day in 2007 with the passage o…

World Pneumonia Day 2014 : "Innovate to End Child Pneumonia".

World Pneumonia Day is celebrated every year on the 12th of November.
The aim is: To create public awareness about pneumonia that kills one child under the age of 5, every 20 seconds.To promote interventions for preventing and treating pneumoniaTo generate an action plan to combat pneumonia.

Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. The lungs are made up of small sacs called alveoli, which fill with air when a healthy person breathes. When an individual has pneumonia, the alveoli are filled with pus and fluid, which makes breathing painful and limits oxygen intake. Key facts Pneumonia is the leading infectious cause of death in children worldwide, accounting for 15% of all deaths of children under 5 years old.Pneumonia killed an estimated 935 000 children under the age of five in 2013.Pneumonia can be caused by viruses, bacteria or fungi.Pneumonia can be prevented by immunization, adequat…

Call for WASH Research Proposals (re-announcement)

The Water, Sanitation and Hygiene-Resource Centre Network Nepal (WASH-RCNN) is pleased to invite research proposals from undergraduate and graduate level final year students (any discipline) on any thematic areas related to drinking water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) issues.
Maximum of NRs. 10,000 and NRs. 25,000 will be provided to undergraduate (1) and graduate (1) level students respectively.

Accepting proposal from: 5th September, 2014 Submission Deadline: 28th November, 2014  Final Selection Notification: December 2014  Duration of Research Project: 5 months (maximum) Applications should include: A proposal in a provided format (Maximum of 5 Pages]A copy of Nepalese Citizenship Certificate An official approval letter from respective department /college/university,with an authorized signature,clearly stating the approval of proposal for Dissertation as a partial requirement for the fulfillment of the respective degree An official letter of recommendation from applic…


Embassy of India, Kathmandu invites applications for scholarships on prescribed Application Form from Nepalese nationals enrolled in Bachelor 1st year/1st semester of under graduate courses in recognized educational institutions in Nepal, during the academic year 2014-15. Two hundred (200) scholarships will be awarded under the scheme as per the following distribution: i) Medical 50 (5 years course)
ii) Engineering 50 (4 years course) iii) Other disciplines 100 (Scholarship will be restricted to 3 yrs only) (B.Sc, B.A, BBS, B.Com, B.Ed, BBA )
2. Eligibility: Candidate must be a Nepali citizen and have secured at least 70% marks in aggregate at the Intermediate (+2) level/ Class 12th and family income of the candidate must be less than NRs. 1, 20,000/- per annum. Note: Those who are receiving scholarship from any other institution are not eligibl…

Scientists find mechanism for spontaneous HIV cure

French scientists on Tuesday unveiled the genetic mechanism by which they believetwo men were spontaneously cured of HIV, and said the discovery may offer a new strategy in the fight against AIDS.

In both asymptomatic men, the AIDS-causing virus was inactivated due to an altered HIV gene coding integrated into human cells, they wrote in the journal Clinical Microbiology and Infection. This, in turn, was likely due to stimulation of an enzyme that may in future be targeted for drug treatment to induce the same response, they said.
"This finding represents an avenue for a cure," study co-author Didier Raoult of the French Institute of Health and Medical Research (Inserm) told AFP. Neither of the men, one diagnosed HIV positive 30 years ago and the other in 2011, have ever been ill, and the AIDS-causing virus cannot be detected with routine tests of their blood. In both, the virus was unable to replicate due to DNA coding changes that the researchers proposed were the result of a sp…

''DELAMANID'' use in treatment of MDR-TB: WHO interim guidance

A new TB drug with a novel mechanism of action – delamanid - is now available for treatment of adults with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), a form of tuberculosis resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampicin, the main first-line drugs. Delamanid was granted conditional approval by the European Medicine Agency in April 2014. Information about this new drug however remains limited, since it has only been through Phase IIb trial and studies for safety and efficacy. WHO is therefore issuing “interim policy guidance” that lists five conditions that must be in place if delamanid is used to treat adults with MDR-TB: Proper patient inclusion:Special caution is required when delamanid is used in people aged 65 and over, in adults living with HIV, patients with diabetes, hepatic or severe renal impairment, or those who use alcohol or substances. Use in pregnant and breastfeeding women and children is not advised.Adherence to WHO recommendations when designing MDR-TB treatment regimen…