Menstrual Hygiene Day 28, May 2016 : Let's make it a GOOD DAY!
MHD or MH Day is an annual awareness day, on 28 May, that aims to break taboos and raise awareness about the importance of good MHM for women and adolescent girls worldwide. It was initiated by the German-based NGO WASH United in 2014.
Menstrual Hygiene Day (MH Day) is a global platform that brings together non-profits, government agencies, the private sector, the media and individuals to promote Menstrual Hygiene Management.
MH Day raises awareness of the challenges women and girls worldwide face due to their menstruation and highlights solutions that address these challenges, including through media work.
WASH United is the initiator of MH Day and acts as its International Secretariat. As the International Secretariat, WASH United coordinates MH Day and manages the MH Day Alliance of more than 380 partner organizations.
Objectives of MHD
- To address the challenges and hardships many women and girls face during their menstruation.
- To highlight the positive and innovative solutions being taken to address these challenges.
- To catalyze a growing, global movement that recognizes and supports girl’s and women’s rights and build partnerships among those partners on national and local level.
- To engage in policy dialogue and actively advocate for the integration of MHM into global, national and local policies, programs and projects.
- It creates an occasion for media work, including social media.
Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to the females. The onset of menstruation is one of the most important changes occurring among the girls during the adolescent years.
Menstruation is a natural part of the reproductive cycle.
The first menstruation (menarche) occurs between 11 and 15 (mean of 13) years.
The menstrual cycle occurs due to the rise and fall of hormones.
This cycle results in the thickening of the lining of the uterus, and the growth of an egg, (which is required for pregnancy).
The egg is released from an ovary around day fourteen in the cycle; the thickened lining of the uterus provides nutrients to an embryo after implantation. If pregnancy does not occur, the lining is released in what is known as menstruation.
Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM)
An appropriate Menstrual Hygiene Management is defined as:
- "Women and adolescent girls use a clean material to absorb or collect menstrual blood, and this material can be changed in privacy as often as necessary for the duration of menstruation.
- MHM also includes using soap and water for washing the body as required; and having access to facilities to dispose of used menstrual management materials.
- Every day approximately 290000 women and girls in Nepal menstruate!!
- 82% of Nepali women living in rural Nepal, use of unhygienic, un-healthy and possibly dangerous menstrual hygiene management methods push Nepali women deeper into the crevice of marginalization and reproductive health morbidity.
- Young adolescent girls constitute a particularly vulnerable group. Studies have shown that adolescent girls often lack appropriate information about their reproductive health and proper menstrual management which has a direct impact upon adolescent girl's schooling, with absenteeism of menstruating girls as high as 53% in Nepal.
- This frequent absence from school implies an average annual absence of at least six weeks from school directly affecting girl's academic progress.
- Unsatisfactory academic progress coupled with the societal belief that girls who have started menstruating are eligible for marriage, contributes to high dropout rates from school and early marriage, which itself is a risk factor preventing optimum reproductive health, birthing practices, birth spacing and healthy children.
Source of Info : Nepal Fertility Care Center(NFCC)
Why Menstrual Hygiene Matters ?
- Educating girls about menstruation helps increase self esteem, raise grades and raise wages.
- Learning about menstruation empowers girls to take care of themselves in brand new ways.
- Learning and understanding what menstrual hygiene options exist for them gives girls the opportunity to choose what solution is best for them.
- It gives girls and women confidence to live their lives normally.
- Talking about menstrual hygiene before menarche (the first period) is very important for ensuring that girls know how to handle the often scary first period.
- Understanding how tampons, menstrual cups, or other sanitary materials work allows girls to explore their bodies in new and important ways.’
- Proper menstrual hygiene keeps girls in school.
- Access to menstrual hygiene products keep girls on the same track as their male peers.
- It keeps women at work, contributing to economic development.
- Educating girls and women about feminine hygiene and biology helps to bust myths and cultural superstitions.
- Access to correct information about hygiene and adequate sanitary materials enables women to feel more confident and comfortable with their bodies.
- Debunking myths and taboos can keep girls and women safe. (Chaupadi)
- It helps women realize that they are not impure.
- Educating men and boys about menstruation can help men develop higher levels of understanding of women and girls’ bodies and needs.
- Learning about menstrual hygiene management helps ensure cleanliness.
- Knowing what product or material to use, how often to change it, and having access to WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) facilities helps girls and women maintain good hygiene while menstruating.
- It helps keep Bacterial Vaginosis (bacterial vaginal infections) away, It can help prevent girls and women from getting toxic shock syndrome (TSS)
- It helps reduce the likelihood of getting cervical cancer.
According to the World Health Organization, India accounts for 27 percent of the world’s cervical cancer deaths. The incidence rate there is almost twice the global average and doctors studying the disease believe poor menstrual hygiene is partly to blame.
uUsing reusable menstrual hygiene products like menstrual cups and reusable pads can help reduce waste in the environment.
It is estimated that nearly 20 billion pads and tampons are discarded every year in North America alone.
Sustainable Goals and Menstrual Hygiene
Menstrual Hygiene Management Matters to the achievement of several Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
There is no specific Goal or Indicator for MHM but Menstruation Matters SGD Goal 3,4,6,8 & 12